The importance of the Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) as a reservoir of tuberculosis for free-living animals including European bison

Authors

  • Blanka Orłowska Warsaw University of Life Sciences
  • Monika Krajewska-Wędzina Department of Microbiology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
  • Anna Didkowska Warsaw University of Life Sciences
  • Krzysztof Anusz Warsaw University of Life Sciences

Keywords:

wild boar, European bison, the Bieszczady Mountains, tuberculosis transmision

Abstract

Cases of TB were recorded in European bison in the Bieszczady Mountains in 1997 – 2013. An alarming phenomenon, however, is a TB case in a wild boar from the Bieszczady. Transmission of TB between infected wild boars and European bison is potentially possible. The article is aimed at presenting the problem of the occurrence of TB in wild boar and the potential danger posed to European bison by this situation. The role of wild boar in TB transmission is not always clear (maintenance, spillover or dead-end host), and depends on various environmental conditions (e.g. population density, occurrence of tuberculosis in other species in the area, feeding, climate). The majority of cases of TB in Europe in wild boars have been reported in Mediterranean Iberia (Spain and Portugal).

Downloads

Published

2018-08-22

How to Cite

Orłowska, B., Krajewska-Wędzina, M., Didkowska, A. ., & Anusz, K. . (2018). The importance of the Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) as a reservoir of tuberculosis for free-living animals including European bison. European Bison Conservation Newsletter, 11, 39–42. Retrieved from https://ojs.wisent.org/index.php/czasopismo/article/view/41

Issue

Section

Peer-reviewed articles

Categories

Most read articles by the same author(s)